Mutiny Aboard the Slave Ships in the 18th century: Implications for the Transatlantic Slave Trade

Original Research Paper written by rootsnwingz 3 years ago on the historical significance of mutiny during the slave trade.  Many thanks to my professor, classmates and the librarians who helped me with my research. 


Mutiny Aboard the Slave Ships in the 18th century: 
Implications for the Transatlantic Slave Trade

mutinyMural painted by Hale Woodruff.

“The trade of slaves is in a more peculiar manner the business of kings, rich men, and prime merchants, exclusive of the inferior sort of Blacks.”
– John Barbot, European Slave Trader (1682)

The present research paper primarily deals with the phenomenon of resistance onboard ships by Africans against their enslavement during what is commonly referred to as the “Middle Passage”, i.e. the voyage across the Atlantic from the West Coast of Africa to the Americas. Insurrections of this kind flourished in the 17th and 18th centuries and had an undeniable impact on numerous aspects of the slave trade, including the slave traders themselves, who were forced to adapt to these new conditions of the transatlantic slave trade.

Therefore, I will make use of primary accounts of mutiny aboard the slave ships from the 18th century with the hopes of gaining a better understanding of its impact on the slave trade. In short, I intend to argue that the slave traders generally considered mutiny as merely a financial setback and thus the adoption of measures to prevent or restrain insurrections became a priority for the management and organization of slave ships. The ultimate point this paper hopes to make is that mutiny had a real effect on the slave trade, in the sense that it made the business of trading slaves more costly and risky for the European traders, which consequently reduced shipments to the New World. Continue reading

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How to Make the Perfect Authentic Traditional Greek Coffee

      greekcoffeeThings you will need:

      • One flidzáni, i.e. a demitasse or small coffee cup (60-90 mL)
      • One briki (aka ibrik, cezve), i.e. a small metal coffee pot
      • Cold water
      • High quality Greek freshly ground coffee
      • A gas stove or a portable camping gas stove
      • Sugar (optional)

brikiaDirections:

      1. Fill the flidzáni with cold water and pour the measured amount into the briki.
      2. If you want to add sugar, place briki with water over gas stove on low heat and add it now (1/4 – 1 teaspoon), stirring constantly until dissolved. Remove from heat. Skip this step if you like your coffee black.
      3. Add one heaping teaspoon of the freshly ground Greek coffee and mix until no lumps are visible, but not too much.
      4. Return to low heat on the gas stove.
      5. Heat gently until a ring of foam (known as the kaimaki) forms on the surface.
      6. Remove immediately from heat and allow to cool for a second. Place back on stove and remove immediately. Repeat this step one more time.
      7. Make sure you remove the briki from the heat before the foam ring closes completely. Pour slowly into flidzáni and serve with homemade cookies or spoon sweets (glykó tou koutalioú) and a glass of cold water.
      8. Enjoy!

Notes:

    • Do not drink the sandy coffee grounds at the bottom of your flidzáni!
    • Do not stir coffee while heating, as this will inhibit the kaimaki from forming!

Vegan Jamaican Vegetable Patties

These authentic tasting Jamaican patties are 100% vegan, spicy and delicious.  I first tried these on a trip to Jamaica in 2008 and  I can guarantee that this recipe will result in the traditional and genuine taste I so enjoyed back then.  They have the classic yellow colour thanks to the turmeric as well as the flaky consistency thanks to the coconut oil. Continue reading