rootsnwingz with Bluez on the melodica @ The Forest of Dub



The Jamaican Government: We call on them to Aid & Support the Foundation Artist in Reggae (ASFAR)

It is sad but true that with each passing year we continue to lose the foundation artists of Jamaican music at an alarming rate. What is even more concerning is that so many many of them are dying in poverty, with neither much-needed medical care or the very basic sustenance of food and shelter.

We should not forget that it is first and foremost the beautiful and bountiful indigenous reggae music – evolved over generations by these same singers and players – that is the principal tourist attraction to the island, and that tourism is the very life-blood of the Jamaican economy.

Considering that the influx of foreign monetary exchange is in no small part directly due to the efforts of our ageing and often unsung heroes of the music industry, who often received little or no financial recompense or recognition at the time for their important work, mainly due to ignorance of business practices, we call on the Jamaican government and those with political influence within the Jamaican music industry – of which there are many – to establish a care home with medical and musical facilities to ensure that the foundation artists are able to live out their lives with some much-deserved respect and dignity.

Please show your support by signing the petition at

Midnight Raver

The Foundation Reggae Artists of Jamaica are dying in poverty…..

After the death of so many Jamaican artists this year including Jackie ‘Kingstonians’ Bernard, many due to poverty, we are making a plea to draw attention to the plight of our ageing unsung heroes of foundation reggae. Many cannot even afford to buy the medicines they so badly need, some have no food or proper shelter, without any help from the Government they will continue to die prematurely. These artists have given so much and got so little for their trouble……..We want to point out the rich heritage and economic benefits they have brought Jamaica….They have put Jamaica high on the cultural world map and have brought most of the tourists that come to the Island, giving much needed revenue to the Jamaican economy. …….We call upon the Jamaican Government to acknowledge the huge part they have played in the…

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The Structure of Guilt, Anxiety & BOREDOM!!

“The Structure of Awareness”, 1969, Thomas C. Oden

Part III, the structure of boredom, analogously, is as follows: The self (1) relates to the now or present actuality in the mode of immediate experiencing (2). When that present (3) is symbolized as being devoid of values regarded as necessary for one's existence, one experiences boredom (5). Boredom is the awareness that the essential values through which one fulfills himself are not able to be actualized under these present circumstances. To the degree to which these limited values are elevated to absolutes which appear to be unactualizable (6), one is vulnerable to intensive, depressive, demonic boredom.
Part III, the structure of boredom, analogously, is as follows: The self (1) relates to the now or present actuality in the mode of immediate experiencing (2). When that present (3) is symbolized as being devoid of values regarded as necessary for one’s existence, one experiences boredom (5). Boredom is the awareness that the essential values through which one fulfills himself are not able to be actualized under these present circumstances. To the degree to which these limited values are elevated to absolutes which appear to be unactualizable (6), one is vulnerable to intensive, depressive, demonic boredom.

5 Inspired Images & Photographs

Click on the pictures to view in full size!

Gallery Compiled by 420randomness & rootsnwingz

Epistemology: Belief, Knowledge & Pragmatism, an original essay by 420randomness

Guest Post by 420randomness, translated from Greek into English by rootsnwingz for our English-speaking readers!

Epistemology: Belief, Knowledge & Pragmatism

According to recent scientific evidence … living within reason … we find ourselves in a blind existence without any archetypes, where everything seems to happen anyways, for no reason at all !

~ 1.1 Expression ~

one stimulus makes you twice as stimulated becomes one stimulus does not stimulate you at all

In other words, “Once bitten, twice shy,” becomes “Once bitten, never shy,”

But what can we do, if we can’t learn about a subject when we lack the relevant experience in that subject matter?

~~And thus, the rhythms of the natural world are still unappreciated~~

However, let us take a closer look

Passage from: “How We Believe”, Michael Shermer. Scientific American,

‘’I argue that our brains are belief engines: evolved pattern-recognition machines that connect the dots and create meaning out of the patterns that we think we see in nature. Sometimes A really is connected to B; sometimes it is not. When it is, we have learned something valuable about the environment from which we can make predictions that aid in survival and reproduction. We are the

ancestors of those most successful at finding patterns

This process is called association learning, and it is fundamental to all animal behavior, from the humble worm C. elegans to H. sapiens.’’

~ 1.2 Scientific Reference ~

Using evolutionary modeling and having a demonstration through it, Harvard University biologist Kevin R. Foster and University of Helsinki biologist Hanna Kokko in ’08, tested the theory and tried to have a gist out of it:

They begin with the formula pb > c,

where a belief may be held when the cost (c) of doing so is less than the probability (p) of the benefit (b). For example, believing that the rustle in the grass is a dangerous predator when it is only the wind does not cost much, but believing that a dangerous predator is the wind may cost an animal its life!!

 <.Think about it as you consider the following image.>


natural selection will favor patternicity

Continue reading

“Επιστημολογία: Πιστεύω, Γνώση & Πραγματισμός”

Σύμφωνα με πρόσφατες επιστημονικές αποδείξεις … ζώντας λογικά … βρισκόμαστε σε μια τυφλή, χωρίς πρότυπα ύπαρξη όπου τα πάντα συμβαίνουν φαινομενικά χωρίς λόγο … έτσι και αλλιώς!

~ 1.1 Η Έκφραση ~

το ένα ερέθισμα, σε κάνει δύο φορές ερεθισμένο γίνεται το ένα ερέθισμα, δεν σε ερεθίζει καθόλου

Τι να κάνουμε, αλλά δεν μπορείς να μάθεις για κάτι εάν δεν έχεις και την αντίστοιχη εμπειρία στο θέμα

~~και γι’αυτό οι ρυθμοί του φυσικού κόσμου συνεχίζουν να είναι παραγνωρισμένοι~~

Ας ρίξουμε όμως μια ματιά

Απόσπασμα από: How We Believe , Michael Shermer. Scientific American,

“Συμφωνώ με όσους υποστηρίζουν ότι οι εγκέφαλοί μας είναι μηχανές πεποίθησης: εξελίκτικά μηχανήματα αναγνώρισης προτύπων που συνδέουν τις τελείες για να δημιουργήσουν νόημα από τα σχέδια που νομίζουμε ότι βλέπουμε στη φύση. Μερικές φορές το Α πραγματικά συνδέεται με το Β. Μερικές φορές όχι. Όταν συνδέεται, έχουμε μάθει κάτι πολύτιμο για το περιβάλλον από το οποίο μπορούμε να κάνουμε προβλέψεις που βοηθούν στην επιβίωση και την αναπαραγωγή. Ούτως ή άλλως είμαστε

 –οι πρόγονοι αυτονών οι οποίοι ήταν οι πιο επιτυχημένοι στην εξεύρεση μοτίβων-

Αυτή η διαδικασία ονομάζεται ένωση μάθησης, και είναι θεμελιώδους σημασίας για τη συμπεριφορά όλων των ζώων, από το ταπεινό σκουλήκι C. elegans στους H. sapiens .”

~ 1.2 Επιστημονική Αναφορά ~

Η βιολόγος Kevin R. Foster και το Πανεπιστήμιο του βιολόγου Hanna Kokko στο Ελσίνκι, με χρήση εξελικτικών βιολογικών μοντέλων (ΑΗΑ) και με μια επίδειξη μέσα από αυτά στο Πανεπιστήμιο του Χάρβαρντ,  το ’08, δοκίμασαν τη θεωρία και προσπάθησαν να βγάλουν μια ουσία από αυτήν:

Έχει να κάνει με τον απλό τύπο pb> c που μπορεί να εξηγηθεί με το παρακάτω παράδειγμα.

‘Ενα πιστεύω για κάτι, μπορεί να πραγματοποιηθεί όταν το κόστος (c) για αυτό είναι μικρότερο από την πιθανότητα (p) του οφέλους (b) . Για παράδειγμα, πιστεύοντας ότι το θρύισμα στις φυλλωσιές είναι ένα επικίνδυνο αρπακτικό όταν είναι μόνο ο άνεμος, δεν κοστίζει πολύ, αλλά  το πιστεύω ότι ένα επικίνδυνο αρπακτικό είναι ο άνεμος μπορεί να κοστίσει σε ένα ζώο τη ζωή του!

 <.σκεφτείτε το και με την από κάτω φωτογραφία.>

η φυσική επιλογή θα ευνοήσει μια δημιουργία μοτίβου Continue reading

Ernst Mayr on questioning ‘eternal truths’

ernstmayr“The study of the basic philosophies or ideologies of scientists is very difficult because they are rarely articulated. They largely consist of silent assumptions that are taken so completely for granted that they are never mentioned …..[ But] anyone who attempts to question these ‘eternal truths’ encounters formidable resistance.”
– Ernst Mayr

One of the 20th century’s leading evolutionary biologists, taxonomists, tropical explorers, ornithologists and historians of science.

Guest Post by 420randomness

1845 – Frederick Douglass in Ireland


Tribute to Frederick Douglass on the Solidarity Wall in Belfast , who escaped slavery in 1838 and visited Ireland for a 4 month lecture tour in order to present his autobiography “Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, An American Slave”.

“Perhaps no class has carried this prejudice against colour to a point more extreme and dangerous than have the Irish and yet no people have been more relentlessly persecuted and oppressed on account of race and religion” – Frederick Douglass.

Stair na hÉireann/History of Ireland

In 1845, as Ireland was descending into the despair of the Great Hunger, Frederick Douglass arrived for a four-month lecture tour of the island. Douglass had escaped slavery in Maryland seven years earlier, and had recently published his autobiography Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, An American Slave. Douglass was greeted in Dublin, Belfast, and Cork by enthusiastic crowds and formed many friendships on his trip, most significantly with Daniel O’Connell, a figure still revered in Ireland today for his role in Catholic emancipation and his fierce opposition to slavery. O’Connell and Douglass shared the stage just once, in September 1845 at a rally in Dublin, but retained a mutual respect and affection until O’Connell’s death less than two years later – and Douglass acknowledged O’Connell’s influence on his philosophy and worldview for the rest of his life.

Belfast media published an article on a speech given by abolitionist…

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“Riddimguide” – The Essential Tool for Reggae Enthusiasts

riddimguideI discovered this handy website a few years back, and it has since become indispensable. is the world’s largest music database for Reggae music and is a must for anyone with an interest or involvement in the genre.

Riddimguide effectively provides information such as artist, record label, producer and release year for (at the moment of posting) 57793 songs and discographies for 5905 artists, 4867 riddims and 2555 record labels. Just search for the song, artist, riddim name or record label and Riddimguide instantly shows you all the relevant results.  This is ideal if you listen to a song and know the riddim but don’t know the song’s title or artist.  For example, a search on Riddimguide for the “Real Rock” riddim will result in an alphabetical list of all versions of the riddim, with artist, song, year of release and record label info.  I find this to be a unique and amazingly useful feature.  Reversely, one can search for the song title and find out the riddim, artist, year of release and record label, as well as all other songs on the same riddim!

Screen Shot 2014-12-09 at 12.42.14 AMCheck it out now at:

Philosophy: on Musical Mediocrity and the Role of Instincts


Source: “Shenker’s Interpretive Practice”, Robert Sharrenberg, Cambridge Studies in Music Theory and Analysis, 2005. (page 146)

“Schenker’s Interpretive Practice” is the first comprehensive study of this century’s most influential music theorist, Heinrich Schenker, written by Robert Sharrenberg, recipient of the 1998 Young Scholar Award from the Society of Music Theory. 

Guest Post by 420randomness

Gingerbread: The History

Interesting and unique article on the history of gingerbread. Excerpt / Amazing Fact: “The first known gingerbread recipe is from Greece 2400 BC.”

Mediterranean diet

Christmas season is always about cheer. Each family has their own way of celebrating. However, christmas cookies are always involved. Many people make ginger bread cookies and houses during this time of year. But do you know why?


The first known gingerbread recipe is from Greece 2400 BC. In the 10th century and middle ages, gingerbread recipes could be found around China and some places in Europe. Monasteries were one of the first places to make this tasty treat. In German, English, Dutch, and French Medieval fairs, gingerbread was shaped like kings, queens, and animals. Festivals came to be known as Gingerbread Fairs because gingerbread was always served. The gingerbread cookies at this time were called ’fairings.’ In the 16th century, it was sold at farmers’ markets and pharmacies. Ginger is thought to have healing properties such as curing a sick stomach. Queen Elizabeth I is credited with the first…

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“Cannabis: Mesopotamia & Egypt”, essay by Conner North

Published by the online magazine INITY, this essay explains how ancient hieroglyphics record the medicinal use of cannabis by ancient civilizations. The well written article presents some very informative and important evidence. Here’s an interesting excerpt:

Mesopotamia (3000 BC) & Egypt (2000 BC)

Trickling from ancient China, cannabis made its way to Mesopotamia and Egypt, and only recently, in the 19th and 20th Centuries, has ancient hieroglyphics been deciphered along with cannabis’ medicinal use. As with the ancient Chinese, Mesopotamians and Egyptians overstood and embraced the significance of natural remedies, including cannabis, and were in harmony with their environment and the cosmos.

Our knowledge of ancient medicine is derived almost exclusively from the great library of clay tablets gathered throughout history. Roughly 30,000 fragments of ancient Mesopotamian and Egyptian clay tablets exist, which may have well numbered over 100,000 when complete.

Throughout Mesopotamian tablets and Egyptian scrolls, similar references are made to the medicinal use of cannabis as a remedy for:

Acute pain
Trench foot/gout/sore feet
Gynecological disorders
Colorectal illness

It’s interesting to note some of the ancient medicinal uses of cannabis are the same as today’s conditions that enable eligibility to get a red card (in Colorado and some other states) and become a legal MMJ patient, like acute, or chronic, pain.

While medical technology and philosophy has evolved leaps and bounds and epic discoveries have been made, as we technologically advance, it’s hard to ignore the detachment from the environment and nature that comes with these advancements. Granted, we shouldn’t be heading back to the Stone Age anytime soon, medically speaking, but in retrospect and in comparison to ancients, we have lost touch with naturalness. Plants and other natural elements were used by ancients to combat medical issues that we still face today.

For the full article go to:

To view an original Assyrian tablet with a translation listing cannabis as a natural remedy for treating bruises and swelling click here:

“Can Jamaica still claim reggae music as its own? “, opinion article by Shereita Grizzle from the Jamaica Gleaner


Midnite and I-Grade Records have built upon the foundation of roots reggae a truly authentic and more evolved sound that is all their own. They are an absolute original and their music is on a much higher level intellectually than reggae. Dermot Hussey explained in ‘Midnite In The Belly of The Beast’ “I think lyrically they have changed the form of the reggae song. Intellectually they are way in advance of the mostly simple messages of traditional reggae.” They are also the most prolific band in reggae and have been for at least the past 15 years.

So no, Jamaica can no longer claim reggae music as its own. I agree with Professor Carolyn Cooper who says “[s]o we’ve given reggae music to the world. But sometimes we act as if reggae was stolen from us.” Jamaica should stand proud for they gave the world a very soulful and spiritual music which continues to touch the lives of people all over the world. But reggae music now belongs to those who choose to be caretakers of the music, wherever they are.

Read full article, by clicking on the link below:

Can Jamaica still claim reggae music as its own?.

To read the full researched historical account of the band Midnite, entitled ‘Midnite In The Belly of The Beast’, visit: and

Joseph Hill, Culture interview, West Indian World Newspaper, 1982

Yesterday I wrote a bit on Joseph “Culture” Hill and his son Kenyatta. Here’s an awesome, rare interview with Joseph Hill in 1982 I just found on the midnightraver blog!

Midnight Raver

Give thanks to MIDNIGHT RAVER’S Peter van Arnhem for this most crucial contribution.

The article finds Joseph Hill in London in September 1982. Joseph talks about the split in the group, about the death of Bob Marley, about the song “Tribute to the O.M.” (album Lion Rock) and about Rasta.

After the album Lion Rock 4 years went by before Joseph Hill reunited with original members Kenneth Dayes and Albert Walker and recorded the album Çulture in Culture.

culture article

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Christos DC – Ο νέος Ελληνοαμερικάνος Reggae μουσικός !

Ο Ελληνοαμερικάνος μουσικός Christos DC, γεννημένος Christopher Vrenios (ΧΡΙΣΤΟΦΟΡΟΣ ΒΡΕΝΙΟΣ), γεννήθηκε και μεγάλωσε στην Ουάσινγκτον, Π.Κ. με γονείς που τραγουδούσαν όπερα και που δίδασκαν φωνητική επαγγελματικά. Το καλλιτενικό του όνομα, Christos DC, προέρχεται από το ψευδώνυμο που του έδωσε η γιαγιά του, αλλά επίσης αντιπροσωπεύει τη γεννέτηρα πόλη του, όπου ξεκίνησε το μουσικό του ταξίδι.

Ο ήχος του μπορεί να περιγραφθεί ως ένας πετυχημένος συνδυασμός Downtempo και Reggae μουσικής με επιρροές από τη Jazz. Η καριέρα του ξεκίνησε στις αρχές της δεκαετίας του 1990 παράγωντας κομμάτια hip hop και r&b με ανεξάρτητους καλλιτέχνες από τη Ουάσινγτον και τη Νέα Υόρκη. Η αγάπη του και εκτίμηση για τη μουσική του Κίνγκστον, Τζαμάικα, τον οδήγησαν να ηχογραφήσει κομμάτια με τους θρυλικούς μουσικούς και παραγωγούς, Sly και Robbie, αλλά και με το Firehouse Crew.

Έπειτα έκανε περιοδεία με τον καταπληκτικό τραγουδιστή Don Carlos, της μπάντας Black Uhuru, και τους The Itals. Πέρασε εφτά χρόνια στο δρόμο, ταξιδεύοντας ως κιθαρίστας και τραγουδιστής παίζοντας στις ΗΠΑ και άλλες χώρες. Σ’αυτό το διάστημα, παρήγαγε και ηχογράφησε ένα δίσκο με τον τίτλο Offering, στον οποίο συμμετείχαν διάφοροι γνωστοί μουσικοί από τη Τζαμάικα, όπως ο Sugar Minott, οι Meditations και ο Don Carlos, τραγουδώντας πάνω από τη μουσική του. Ο δίσκος επίσης περιείχε το πρώτο του solo κομμάτι. Ο δίσκος ηχογραφήθηκε κυρίως στη Τζαμάικα με τον αείμνηστο Augustus Pablo, καθώς και άλλους σπουδαίους μουσικούς του νησιού.

Συνέχισε με διάφορες δουλειές ως κιθαρίστας, μπασίστας και συνθέτης (Έχει συνθέσει κομμάτια μαζί με τους παγκόσμια γνωστούς παραγωγούς Thievery Corporation, αλλά και άλλα σχήματα). Το 2008, κυκλοφόρησε το πρώτο του άλμπουμ, Time to Rise, το οποίο τον οδήγησε στην ίδρυση της ανεξάρτητης δισκογραφικής εταιρείας, Honest Music. Ο επόμενος του δίσκος, Under the Sun, κυκλοφόρησε φυσικά από την Honest Music.

Το νέο album λέγεται Long Road και είναι ήδη μεγάλη επιτυχία στην Αμερική και τη Reggae σκηνή γενικότερα.

“Η μουσική είναι ένα δώρο,” λέει ο Χρήστος. “Όταν τη μοιραζόμαστε, πρέπει να λογαριάζουμε το πως θα επηρεάσει τους άλλους. Γι’ αυτό φτιάχνω ειλικρινή μουσική”.

Η μετάφραση στα ελληνικά και η επιμέλεια έγινε από rootsnwingz.

Edited and translated from into Greek by rootsnwingz.