The Cluster Planet aka OmNebula Presents “The Forest Of Dub”, this Saturday, April 18th at 11:00pm – 7:00am @ IT The Place, Athens, Greece

forestofdub

Very pleased to have been invited to perform at yet another OmNebula event in Athens alongside my brothers, there exist angles, Bluez and of course OmNebula.  Taking place this Saturday at IT The Place, Exarcheia, Athens, the session is not to be missed by any reggae and dub lover in Greece.  Strictly good vibes guaranteed!

https://www.facebook.com/events/530784833727665/

Line Up

OmNebula ( Twisted Frequencies)
Soundcloud: https://soundcloud.com/dj-omnebula
Soundcloud : https://soundcloud.com/twisted-frequencies-promos

Bluez (Indigo Movement)
Soundcloud : https://soundcloud.com/bluezsounds
Soundcloud : https://soundcloud.com/indigo-movement

there exist angles
Soundcloud: https://soundcloud.com/there-exist-angles

roots n wingz
https://rootsnwingz.com/
https://www.mixcloud.com/rootsnwingz/

REGGAE // DUB // PSYDUB

Entrance:: €3

IT The Place, Kleisovis 10, 10677 Athens, Greece

“The Modern Greek Enlightenment and Revolution” – An original history research paper by rootsnwingz

Historical Background

On the 29th of May 1453, the capital of the Byzantine Empire, Constantinople, was conquered after a long siege by the Ottoman armed forces, led by the twenty-one-year-old Fatih Sultan Mehmed II. The siege of Constantinople by the Ottomans signified the fall of Byzantium and the end an era, that is its millennium-long reign in the Mediterranean region. In addition, it meant that most of the geographical area that is today known as Greece, fell under Turkish rule.   The Ottoman occupation of Greece lasted for the following four hundred years, a period commonly referred to as Tourkokratia (Τουρκοκρατία) (Cogg C 1992, 3). The Tourkokratia is usually considered an oppressive time, mainly due to the imposition of religious restrictions, heavy, unjust taxation and the practice of Paidomazoma (Παιδομάζωμα) or Janissary levy, which translates from Greek as the gathering of children. This practice refers to the enforced obligation of each and every Christian family to surrender their best looking and most intelligent children to be raised as Muslim; the corps of the Janissaries would then conscript these Greek-in-origin youths and train them to be elite soldiers (Clogg C 1992, 14). Significantly, because of the Paidomazoma, Greeks were forced to fight alongside Turks and, most often, against fellow Christian populations.

However, the outbreak of the Greek Revolution, also known as the Greek War of Independence, did not begin until March 1821, after nearly four hundred year of atrocities, economic decline and oppression. The outbreak is celebrated on March 25th every year by tradition not because the revolution actually began that day. In the 18th and 19th century, we observe in Europe the growth of certain liberal movements, including revolutionary nationalism, Philhellenism and the Diafotismos (Διαφωτισμός), i.e. the modern Greek Enlightenment. Furthermore, in 1814, a secret organization, Philiki Etairia (Φιλική Εταιρεία), is founded. Driven by the ideas of the Enlightenment, the goal of these Greek revolutionaries was to overthrow Turkish rule.

In 1828, following seven years of violent revolts and battles, both on land and at sea, the Ottomans surrendered and were forced out of the Peloponnese and Central Greece. In May 1832, the Convention of London takes place, where Greece is finally recognized by the Great Powers (Russia, France, U.K.) as a free, independent, but monarchical, nation. The Greek Kingdom’s initial territory after the end of the revolution solely included the limited territorial gains of the war. Interestingly, Greece did not have jurisdiction over the entire geographical region it controls today until as late as 1947, that is after World War II.

Introduction of Topic & Methodology

            In a nutshell, my project consists of using primary sources in order: a) to assess to what extent the Diafotismos was an anti-imperial and anti-colonial ideology and b) to gain an in-depth understanding of how the transmission of its radical ideas contributed to the successful Greek uprising and revolution in 1821 against the Ottoman rule. These were my central initial research questions. Therefore, my intention is to take advantage of my knowledge of modern Greek and use the writings of the key intellectuals of the movement, i.e. Adamantios Korais and Rigas Pheraios, with the goal of forwarding my central argument, mainly that the Diafotismos was vital to the Greek uprising. Since there is notable overlap between the Greek Enlightenment and the Philhellenism in Western Europe, I also intend to use the writings of second-generation English Romantic poets, especially Lord Byron. The aim here is to better comprehend the Western powers’ attitude towards Greek nationalists as well as the Turkish rulers. In effect, the literary work of these intellectuals, both the philhellenes and the proponents of the Diafotismos, prepared the grounds for an uprising and influenced the outcome of the revolution. Finally, I will attempt to determine whether one can rightfully speak, in general, of a subaltern, anti-colonial Enlightenment. Secondary sources on the Philiki Etairia and its role are also implemented. Moreover, some secondary sources are used on the humanitarian intervention at the battle of Navarino to better comprehend the Western powers’ a) sympathetic attitude towards Greek nationalists and b) their problems with the Turkish rulers.

Thesis & Original Contribution

Essentially, Greece’s successful revolution was not an isolated event but more of a seven year long process. It can be attributed to numerous anti-imperial factors, both internal (e.g. Philiki Etairia, Diafotismos) and external (e.g. philhellenism, the decline of the Ottoman Empire, military and navy assistance, other European intellectual movements, complex diplomatic relations, etc.). So how important was the Diafotismos really? Would Greece have gained independence regardless? In this essay, I will argue that, as a matter of fact, the Modern Greek Enlightenment’s most important accomplishment and contribution to the War of Independence is that it served as the awakening instrument, which laid down the intellectual foundations for the Greek struggle of independence by exacerbating nationalism and by planting the seed of freedom. Beyond that, other factors led up to the ultimate success of the revolution and Greece’s recognition as an independent nation. In this light, my essay’s original contribution to the subject of Empire is the challenge to the notion of a general anti-imperial European Enlightenment movement, whereas its chief goal is to delineate the roles of philhellenism, Diafotismos and intervention within the framework of the Greek revolution. Continue reading

Fi Di Youth Dem

Two all new motivational roots reggae tunes caught my attention today: “Get It In Your Head” by Jamaican singers Exco Levi and Romain Virgo and “Generation” by UK / Jamaican MC, Gappy Ranks.  Romain Virgo’s and Exco Levi’s track is a reminder of how important knowledge and education are, while Gappy Ranks tells the story of how he grew as an artist and how he never gave up trying to reach his goals.  Both tracks have that oldschool roots reggae feel; “Generation” is in fact off the upcoming “Old Fashion Riddim” by Kemar “Flava” McGregor, which is a tweaked rendition of the classic “Ba Ba Boom Riddim” aka “Shine & Criss Riddim”.  “Get it in Your Head” is off Exco Levi’s new album “Country Man”, produced by Penthouse Records. Get Your Education and remember Knowledge is Power!

OldFashionRiddim

“Woman Yuh Strange” – Beres Hammond & Dennis Alcapone (360 Riddim / Heavy Beat Records March 2015)

Beres Hammond’s and Dennis Alcapone’s brand new track “Woman Yuh Strange” is my kind of tune.  Good vibes, skillful vocals and original lyrics by both artists complete this riddim nicely.

Livicated to the women who pass through my life.

“Criminal” – Lutan Fyah & Turbulence (Official HD Music Video March 2015)

The Canadian label Riddim Wise, based in Montreal, produced and released the Empire Riddim a couple months ago, in November 2014.  Lutan Fyah’s and Turbulence’s “Criminal” is my personal favorite tune on the riddim.  Check out the awesome brand new video, released two days ago.  A massive one indeed, you’ll agree…

Taken from The Empire Riddim produced by Riddim Wise.
iTunes : https://itunes.apple.com/ca/album/the…
Juno : http://www.junodownload.com/products/…

Video Credits :
Directed by Vincent RC (Les Gamins)
Director of photography : Marco Gilbert (Les Gamins)
2nd DOP & Steadycam : Jeremie Boivin
Stylist : Amanda Van Der Siebes
Art Director : Élyse Bédard
Executive Producer : Julien Houle
Production Manager: Sebastien Olscamp
Editing : Vincent RC (Les Gamins)
Colorisation : Jonathan Tremblay
Titles: Kilian Amendola
VFX Artists: Charles Labbé & Emile Massie-Vanasse
https://vimeo.com/lesgamins

http://riddimwise.com/
https://soundcloud.com/riddimwise/
https://www.facebook.com/riddimwisesound
https://www.youtube.com/user/RiddimWise

Steel Pulse – “Put Your Hoodies On [4 Trayvon]” (3rd Anniversary Edition) (Official HD Music Video 2015)

I was still in Amerikkka when the innocent 17 year old Trayvon Martin was shot down.  I had attended a candle lit vigil in his memory at Duke University, Durham, North Carolina, where the violin was played and certain professors made speeches about injustice and racism.  The moving speeches aimed to remind us that brutal incidents such as this are not a new phenomenon (remember Amadou Diallo?) but neither a thing of the past.  Indeed, police brutality has been in the forefront these last couple of years all over the world. I take this opportunity to send my prayer for the end of unjust human suffering that plagues the earth today.  Big up David Hinds and Steel Pulse for paying a tribute to Travyon and spreading the positive message of unity and equality against injustice…

“Steel Pulse originally released this track and music video on the second anniversary of the death of Trayvon Martin, which occurred on February 26, 2012, in Sanford, FL. This is an updated version released to mark the third anniversary of his slaying. Gone, but not forgotten.

This song marks the first official contribution to a Steel Pulse studio track by Baruch Hinds, son of Steel Pulse lead singer David Hinds. Shot on location at the 50th Anniversary of the March on Washington D.C., and in Sanford, Florida.”

Directed by Yonathan Gal // Cinematographer: Trishul Thejasvi // Editor: Rory Gordon // 1st AC: Raul Rivero // Camera Assistants: David Revenkov & Brandon Gordon

http://steelpulse.com/
https://www.facebook.com/pages/Steel-
http://www.myspace.com/officialsteelp
http://twitter.com/#!/steelpulse
http://www.driftwoodpictures.net

“Censorship and the Third Section: How thinking became dangerous in 19th Century Russia”, an original history research paper by rootsnwingz

Introduction

When Nicholas I succeeded his older brother Alexander and became the tsar of Russia in late 1825, the attitude of the state towards its subjects changed dramatically. Nicholas’s thirty year long autocratic rule is characterized by oppressive reforms aimed at maintaining the status quo and preventing dissent in a time of socio-political instability and uncertainty. Any kind of unconventional thought or criticism of the state had to be considered a threat to the tsar’s authority and, as a consequence, Nicholas sought complete control over what could be safely published. Strict censorship laws were enacted, while a secret police, which became known as the “Third Section”, was re-established in order to regulate the press. Writers who refused to obey the tsar’s guidelines and wished to be the sole authority over their writings’ style and content were ruthlessly persecuted.

But was Nicholas’s austerity paranoid? In fact, Nicholas had real reasons to be concerned about his position on the throne and to worry about dissent. First of all, when he came to power, he immediately had to deal with the Decembrist Uprising. This uprising is generally understood as the manifestation of the educated elite’s disappointment with Alexander’s liberal, yet ineffective, government. More notably, it “produced the first open confrontation between the autocracy and members of the intelligentsia.” (Shatz, 31)

Despite the fast suppression of the Decembrist Uprising, Nicholas was left convinced that he had to adopt stricter policies. Moreover, keeping in mind that at the same time in the 19th century, revolutionary movements were blooming all over Europe, he must have been terrified by the possibility of the creation of an influential movement of dissent. “The very foundations of autocratic rule were menaced by the changes in social thought brought about by the growth of revolutionary successes abroad and their influence on internal politics at home” (Squire, 48).

As a result, the priority of Nicholas’s reforms was to ensure that public opinion agreed with the government’s views and thus, censorship and persecution on the grounds of crimes of thought reached unprecedented heights in Russian history. The success of the French revolution was also the reason why Nicholas denounced French philosophy and the Enlightenment ideas, which had been propagated in the 18th century by Catherine the Great. In the 19th century, however, such ideologies were considered dangerous. Nevertheless, Nicholas was not afraid of all Western thought. In fact, he was particularly fond of German philosophy, such as Hegel and the other “Idealists”. Therefore, the cultural shift from France to Germany reflects that the tsar had carefully observed the French Revolution and the Napoleonic Wars and had thus witnessed the double risk of overexpansion and fall of autocracy, which were probably his two biggest fears.

The Decembrist Uprising played a vital role in ascertaining the divide between the government’s interests and the interests of the people, especially the educated elite. In this sense, Nicholas’s adversaries were now identifiable; they were the writers, poets and playwrights who dared to challenge –either directly or subliminally- the state’s authority over the people. Therefore, perhaps for the first time, the intelligentsia was recognized as the most influential threat to the existing order in Russia. The fact that Nicholas now regarded the intelligentsia as the state’s visible internal enemy explains the abundance of repression that freethinking intellectuals faced in the second quarter of the 19th century. In other words, the absurdity of the censorship laws and the birth of the secret police affirm Nicholas’s fearfulness of the intelligentsia.

Therefore, the present research paper is an examination of Nicholas’s censorship laws and the “Third Section’s” activity. I primarily aim to demonstrate how the intelligentsia had a real effect on the society they lived in and belonged to, which in turn became a serious cause of concern for the authorities and has led to atrocious and oppressive government responses. In addition, I intend to look into the ways “intelligenty” overcame or eluded national policing, as well as the cases where they were less fortunate and paid a heavy price for their mental freedom. Specifically, illustrative examples from the lives of Alexander Herzen and Mikhail Bakunin will be provided to help the reader get a clearer idea of the limitations and sufferings they endured due to Nicholas’s repression. The fact that poets and novelists were exiled or sent off to mental asylums suggests that, historically, Russian authorities have been deeply troubled by the intelligentsia’s activity, especially its capacity to change sociopolitical structures and express dissent from the autocracy. This is why I believe that an inquiry into the censorship laws and the “Third Section” will serve to contextualize the intelligentsia’s experience under the rule of Nicholas I.

Continue reading

Vibzin’: rootsnwingz recommends new dub and reggae albums (February 18th 2015)

Dub Choir EP by Suns of Dub and BuzzRock

buzzrockThe band, BuzzRock, is a high energy reggae band hailing from the twin isle of Trinidad and Tobago. The name BuzzRock represents the pulse of the earth or the vibration of the people, hence the name ‘Buzz’ (vibration) and ‘Rock’ (the Earth). The neo-foundation reggae band proves to be a mystical experience for both vintage and modern reggae lovers alike. BuzzRock’s performances have been known to mesmerize reggae lovers but also non-reggae listeners, with their mystical presence on stage, raw emotion and passion each member puts into the music. Their first album titled ‘Universal Blacks’ was released in 2009. The album, fully produced by BuzzRock and mastered at Tuff Gong Studios – Jamaica, created waves in Trinidad and Tobago and a number of independent record labels have taken interest in the project with plans underway to secure international distribution.

Consisting of six (6) core members; Sadiki Niamke Philips (Rhythm Guitar, Lead Vocals, Backup Vocals), Haile-Sion Sam (Drums), Candace ‘Keys’ Moore (Keyboards), Rodney ‘Yahrod’ Rique (Lead Vocals, Backup Vocals), Lamar ‘Beebo’ Pollard (Bass) and Stephen ‘Blitz’ Peterson (Lead Guitars). BuzzRock is often considered a family band as most of the members have known each other for a number of years through their pursuit of musical and spiritual knowledge. When put on a stage together, what ensues can only be described as mind blowing. To date the band has performed alongside a host of international reggae icons including: Midnite, Steel Pulse, Barrington Levy, Max Romeo, Dezarie, Ras Shiloh, Ijahman Levi, Cocoa Tea, Tarrus Riley and Beres Hammond.

This new EP features the awesome melodica and dubbing of Addis Pablo and Ras Jammy (Suns of Dub)!

Move On (Deluxe Edition) by Omari Banks

moveonomari

omatimoveontracklist

buy full album on itunes

Virunga (2014 Documentary)

I am familiar with Virunga, the volcanoes and mountain gorillas thanks to the incredible music group, Samba Mapangala.  Naturally, I am looking forward to watching this Oscar nominated documentary by Orlando Von Einsiedel.  You can watch the official trailer here and I’ve also embedded a relevant song by Samba Mapangala, called “Les Gorilles de Montagnes“, for your listening pleasure.

VIRUNGA is the incredible true story of a group of brave people risking their lives to build a better future in a part of Africa the world’s forgotten and a gripping expose of the realities of life in the Congo. In the forested depths of eastern Congo lies Virunga National Park, one of the most bio-diverse places in the world and home to the last of the mountain gorillas. In this wild, but enchanted environment, a small and embattled team of park rangers – including an ex-child soldier turned ranger, a caretaker of orphan gorillas and a Belgian conservationist – protect this UNESCO world heritage site from armed militia, poachers and the dark forces struggling to control Congo’s rich natural resources. When the newly formed M23 rebel group declares war in May 2012, a new conflict threatens the lives and stability of everyone and everything they’ve worked so hard to protect.”

“Necessary Love” – Necessary Mayhem (February 2015)

necessarylove Curtis Lynch with his brainchild “Necessary Mayhem Records” is one of the top dub reggae producers in the UK and a personal longtime favorite.  With Valentine’s Day coming up, this album was released two days ago.  You can listen to 7 of the 12 massive, perfectly mixed, tracks for free here.  ONE LOVE

“Le Métèque” – Live Acoustic Reggae Cover of Georges Moustaki’s classic song , by Alpha Blondy

The Egyptian / French / Greek / Italian musician, Georges Moustaki released this in the late 1960s and is one of my personal favorites, both lyrically and musically.  The Ivory Coast artist, Alpha Blondy, did a great job covering this classic in a reggae style and tweaking it appropriately.   Watch & Share the original official music video by Moustaki, the live acoustic reggae version on TV5MONDE as well as the studio version off Alpha Blondy’s latest album, “Mystic Power”.  A song of love and suffering, the lyrics are so good, check them out below the videos!

http://tune.pk/player/embed_player.php?vid=1836351&folder=2014/01/11/&width=600&height=350&autoplay=no

Avec ma gueule de nègre métèque
De Juif errant, de rasta grec
Et mes dreadlocks aux quatre vents
Avec mes yeux tout délavés
Qui me donnent l’air de rêver
Moi qui ne rêve plus souvent
Avec mes mains de maraudeur
De musicien et de rôdeur
Qui ont pillé tant de jardins
Avec ma bouche qui a bu
Qui a embrassé et mordu
Sans jamais assouvir sa faim
Avec ma gueule de nègre métèque
De Juif errant, de rasta grec
De voleur et de vagabond
Avec ma peau qui s’est frottée
Au soleil de tous les étés
Et a tout ce qui portait jupon
Avec mon cœur qui a su faire
Souffrir autant qu’il a souffert
Sans pour cela faire d’histoires
Avec mon âme qui n’a plus
La moindre chance de salut
Pour éviter le purgatoire
Avec ma gueule de nègre métèque
De Juif errant, de rasta grec
Et mes dreadlocks aux quatre vents
Je viendrai, ma douce captive
Mon âme sœur, ma source vive
Je viendrai boire tes vingt ans
Et je serai prince de sang
Rêveur ou bien adolescent
Comme il te plaira de choisir
Et nous ferons de chaque jour
Toute une éternité d’amour
Que nous vivrons à en mourir
Et nous ferons de chaque jour
Toute une éternité d’amour
Que nous vivrons à en mourir

“Good Feelings” – Adolf Fayaman featuring Lion Boy aka One Zeal (Official Music Video 2015)

lionboyLion Boy (One Zeal) is a talented Cameroonian Reggae singer based in Johannesburg. Rague Entertainment artist, Adolf Fayaman, recently collaborated with Lion Boy to create this awesome video for his hit single “Good Feelings”.  The track is the first single from Fayaman’s latest project, the “Good Feelings” E.P. The video was shot in locations around Johannesburg, South Africa.  Big up the artists for sharing such powerful, strictly positive vibes and energy. Keep living it up and making good music!

“This Town” – The Skints featuring Tippa Irie & Horseman (Official Music Video February 2015)


The Skints, the dub reggae group from London, UK, present their brand new music video for the first single off their upcoming Easy Star Records produced album , entitled “FM” and to be released on March 9th/10th 2015. Watch the East London Reggae band come together with skilled vocalists Tippa Irie and Horseman to pay tribute to their home city. A great collaboration and first glimpse of the new album.

Preorder from iTunes now and receive ‘This Town’ and ‘My Way’ instantly! http://smarturl.it/TheSkints-FM.

http://www.theskints.co.uk.

2 Brand New Original & Amazing Reggae Music Videos recommended by rootsnwingz

These two excellent videos were an impressive and wonderful way for Midnite and Chronixx with Inner Circle to kick off 2015.  Roots & Culture Everytime!

Midnite x I Grade – “Credited” (Official Music Video January 2015 – Directed By Royal Ras Productions)

The music video for “Credited”, off Midnite’s new I-Grade produced album, “Ride Tru”, was filmed at Mount Victory Camp, St. Croix and was directed by Birhan Tonge of Royal Ras Productions, a NYC-based film company that has previously collaborated on film projects with both Buss Pipe Records and I Grade Records. The innovative music video for “Credited” utilizes the original artwork created at the scene of the filming by artists Marcus Wilson and Omar Boothman. Marcus Wilson is the official Midnite artist who has painted the vast majority of Midnite’s 52 album covers.

“Credited” (V. Benjamin, L. Alfred, D. Goldfine)
Lyrics and vocal melodies by Vaughn Andre Benjamin (BMI)
Song Produced by: Zion I Kings
Drums, Percussion: Lloyd “Junior” Richards
Bass, Percussion: David “JAH David” Goldfine
Keyboards, Melodica & Guitars: Laurent “Tippy I” Alfred
Lead Guitar: Padraic Coursey
Recorded, Mixed & Mastered by: Laurent “Tippy I” Alfred at Aqua Sounds Studio, STX

Credited Music Video
Directed, filmed & edited by: Birhan Tonge
Additional camera work by: Ajani Clunie, Josiah Winans
& Paul Cusin
Original artwork: by Marcus Wilson & Omar Boothman
Produced by: Royal Ras Productions & I Grade Records


Inner Circle featuring Chronixx & Jacob Miller – Tenement Yard / News Carryin’ Dread [Full Movie Version](January 2015)

Video directed by Gil Green & Damian Fyffe
Label: Soundbwoy Entertainment